Karen says, “Take your time on step 7. Even though this seems like a long lesson and activity; it is not. 1 hour will give you plenty of time to do the whole lesson.”
Category: Learning and Living the Gospel
- Red crepe paper
- Large paper plates
- clear small plastic tumblers
- crock pot to keep lamb shanks or meat warm
- Table cloth and center piece if desired.
- Printouts – Food labels, 10 plagues printout, place mat with sedar plate meanings,
- label and cup for Elijah
- Groceries: Green onions and/or parsley, lettuce, salt, horseradish, eggs, apples, nuts,dates or raisins, cinnamon, sugar, grape juice, lamb shanks or a substitution, matzah.
- Prepare print outs.
- Trim and rinse green onion or parsley.
- Mixsaltwater and place in pourable container.
- Peel and slice the horseradish.
- Boil eggs. For a traditional egg, after egg is boiled, roast in the oven at 350 deg. until browning starts showing on shell.
- Season and roast the lamb shanks if using them. I could not find lamb shanks. I substituted with steak fingers from the frozen food section.
- Chop apples and mix with nuts of your choice, cinnamon, brown sugar and dates or raisins. Add a very small amount of grape juice to apples also. Leave nuts out of a portion for any girls who do not want nuts.
Tape or glue food labels around front of the paper plates; one for each girl attending. A couple extra just in case. I omitted the lettuce label.
At Meeting Place:
- Tape the crepe paper around the sides and top of the door to represent the blood of the lamb.
- Pour Grape Juice into tumblers. Pour a little saltwater into tumbler 1 for each girl.
- Place printed place mates on table.
- Set up Sedar plate with tumblers with food in them on a plate matching up with the labels. I placed the lettuce with the horseradish omitting the lettuce label.
- Wait and serve the meat or shanks to serve warm at appropriate time in the lesson.
- Place matzah on a napkin on the side of the plate.
- Save and label an empty chair with the name of Elijah. Place a cup in front of his chair.
- Introduction: Explain that at the Seder, every person should see himself as if he were going out of Egypt. Beginning with our Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, we recount the Jewish people’s descent into Egypt and recall their suffering and persecution. We are with them as God sends the Ten Plagues to punish Pharaoh and his nation, and follow along as they leave Egypt and cross the Sea of Reeds. We witness the miraculous hand of God as the waters part to allow the Israelites to pass, then return to inundate the Egyptian legions.
- Place one cup of juice before each girl. Offer an opening prayer. Explain this will represent the Kadesh—the Benediction.
- The Four Cups of Wine. Explain why four cups: The children of Israel had four great merits even while in exile: (1) They did not change their Hebrew names; (2) they continued to speak their own language, Hebrew; (3) they remained highly moral; (4) they remained loyal to one another. Wine is used because it is a symbol of joy and happiness. Then read Exodus 6:6–7: “Therefore, say to the children of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will take you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will save you from their labor, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. And I will take you to Me as a people, and I will be a God to you, and you will know that I am the Lord your God, Who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” When drinking the four cups and eating the matzah, traditionally Jews recline on the left side to accentuate the fact that they are free people. In ancient times only free people had the luxury of reclining while eating.
- Have the girls wash their hands. Explain this represents Urchatz—Purification.
- Have the girls dip a green onion or parsley into the saltwater. Explain what the Karpas—the “Appetizer” is for. A blessing is recited over the vegetables. Dipping the karpas in saltwater is an act of pleasure and freedom, which further arouses the child’s curiosity. The Hebrew word karpas, when read backwards, alludes to the backbreaking labor performed by the 600,000 Jews in Egypt. [Samech has the numerical equivalent of 60 (representing 60 times 10,000), while the last three Hebrew letters spell perech, hard. The saltwater represents the tears of our ancestors in Egypt.
- Have the girls break the matzah in half and eat the smallest piece. Have them save the largest for later. Explain the Yachatz—Breaking the Matzah. The middle matzah on the Seder plate is broken in two. Explain breaking the matzah in half recalls G‐d’s splitting of the Sea of Reeds to allow the Children of Israel to cross on dry land. The smaller part of the middle matzah is returned to the Seder plate. This broken middle matzah symbolizes humility, and will be eaten later as the “bread of poverty.” Because of the flight of the Israelites, the bread did not have time to rise. It is also considered a poor man’s bread.
- Maggid—the Haggadah. Second cup served. Pour more grape juice in the tumbler. Pass out the plague handout. Take your time telling the story of the Exodus from Egypt. Include a brief review of history, a description of the suffering imposed upon the Israelites, a listing of the plagues visited on the Egyptians, and an enumeration of the miracles performed by the Almighty for the redemption of His people.
- Explain that usually the hands are washed again and a blessing is giving on the bread or matzah. This is called Rochtzah—Washing Before the Meal. Have the girls eat the remaining matzah.
- Have the girls taste the horseradish. They do not have to eat it. Have a trash can ready. The girls my want to spit it out. This is called Maror—the Bitter Herbs. Horseradish or romaine lettuce is to remind of the bitterness of slavery.
- Shulchan Orech—the Feast. Now the egg is eaten. Explain that when the Jewish People left Egypt they were just like an unhatched egg. Free from the prison of Egypt and the constraints of slavery—but they weren’t quite fully born. The egg also represents the destruction of the temple at Jerusalem at which there can be no more sacrifices preformed.
- Have the girls eat the lamb shank. Explain the Pechal Offering The sacrifice of the lamb’s blood was used to mark the door.The rest of the lamb was eaten.
- Have the girls eat the apple mixture which is called charoset. Explain the Mortar symbolize the mortar used for the building projects in Egypt.
- Serve the third cup of Juice. Have a closing prayer. Now fill the cup of Elijah and our own cups with wine. We open the door and invite the Prophet Elijah to come and sit. Explain Elijah is the prophet that will announce the coming of Moshiach, our righteous Messiah. The belief is that Elijah will return with the Messiah. The hope is that the Messiah will come before the next Passover. According to the testimony of Joseph Smith, Elijah has returned. He came to the Kirtland Temple equipped with the “keys to bring to pass the restoration of all things.” Surely it is no coincidence that Elijah came during Passover. The prophesy has been fulfilled. And in accordance with that prophecy, the Messiah appeared also in the Kirtland Temple that day with Elijah.
- Sing a song and then finish the last cup of juice.